Hey guys in this video we harvest the inner bark of the White Pine for use in a medicinal tea that can be used as an expectorant by itself or with Mullein. Seems reasonable, as the hardy wood has been used for tool handles, roller skates, golf club heads, and looms. Iridoid glycosides are regarded as a group of compounds that function as defense chemicals against eaters of the plants such as insects and mammals and against pathogens. It is used with other tonic herbs in formulas, as stopping or inhibiting secretions could be dangerous long term. It’s leaves are opposite, oval shaped, twice as long as wide, about 3 inches long, deeply veined with a center vein, 7-9 secondary veins begin at the center vein and run parallel to each other converging at the pointed tip. [ clarification needed ] [18] During the American civil war confederate soldiers would make a tea from the bark to treat pain and fevers, and dogwood leaves in a poultice to cover wounds. Here as part of our study together, we will be talking about Cornaceae plants, dogwood family plants, which have been little used in western herbalism in recent history. Aforementioned Joe has an arthritis salve recipe with red osier included and both of these plant based analgesics. The bark of the flowering dogwood is rich in tannin and has been used as a substitute for quinine. Huge parching ovens were constructed in New Orleans, and dogwood berries were brought in from all over the South to help make medicine. Medicinal Uses of Red Osier Dogwood. It is little used in modern herbalism. Jamaican dogwood is a tropical tree that grows in the West Indies, Central America, Florida, and Texas. The leaf extract is commonly used to assist the immune system due to its antimicrobial actions. We will take several breaks and also go into the field to look at how this plant presents in the wild, some harvesting considerations and my hope is that you can make a personal connection, a  personal contact with these important medicinal herbs which are seldom mentioned in modern herbalism today. The bark of this plant is generally used for medicine. Overall Dogwood vibrates with healing energy. I have seen that time and time, repeated again and again, duplicated in so many people’s lives, especially right now, more than ever before, land and learning situations drops into people’s hands when they are focused on this real work. Yet the plant does have active plant constituents such as iridoid glycosides, corine, corvine, cornic acid, flavanoids, fumaric acid, tannins. As the name indicates, we primarily use the bark for medicine. For insomnia it is best combined with hops and valerian and it may be combined with black haw as a natural treatment for dysmenorrhea. Side Effects of Dogwood. Aromatherapy and Alternative Medicine. Besides the pain relieving qualities we’ll talk about later with bunchberry, periodic fever is a good use of red osier dogwood. American dogwood is still used today as medicine, but not very often. Comparing the dried bark in my hand to Cornus florida’s description. It should be used in the dried state, the fresh bark being likely to upset the stomach.”. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. The flowers are small and greenish-yellow but are obscured by the large, white or pink bracts so that the whole looks like a large white or pink flower. In my research there is no evidence that any of the North American Cornus spp have any quinine content. The bark of this plant is generally used for medicine. The root bark is the medicinal part of Jamaica dogwood. The Vatican itself was in lock down for a time. The whole plant dried as a tea has. Used for diarrhea. Malaria an Italian word for ‘bad air’ was a European epidemic in the 1600’s which killed Pope Gregory XV in 1623, during the conclave to elect the new pope 8 cardinals died, and many Catholic church officials. Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! Their explanation is not far from the truth as the disease is spread by mosquitoes carrying a parasite, plasmodium spread by mosquito bites. The bark of all Cornus species are rich in tannins and have been used in traditional medicine as a substitute for quinine - a drug that’s used to treat malaria and babesiosis. While a powerful and valuable herb for many common conditions, from arthritis to insomnia, Jamaican dogwood bark should not be used in excess. Medicinal Uses and Indications Jamaica dogwood is not recommended for human use, and should … Maude Grieve writing in her 1931, A modern Herbal, wrote regarding Red-osier dogwood,:”, The active properties are similar to those found in Peruvian Bark, except that there is more gum mucilage and extractive matter and less resin quinine and tannin. The bark of Cornus species is rich in tannins and has been used in traditional medicine as a substitute for quinine. Spruce gum and spruce bark are also used to treat colds, coughs, influenza and as a general tonic. The Herb Book, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. It’s range is Cascadia north and into eastern Russia, a circumboreal species. Women in Medicine: Elizabeth D.A. It seems to have some effect at fighting fevers. There are not … Leaves are in 4’s or 6’s appearing in a whorl, but if you look closely they are opposite. People use American Dogwood for headaches, fatigue, fever, and ongoing diarrhoea. Another widely distributed western species of the Cornaceae family plant valuable for medicine in the area, Cornus unalaschkensis, bunchberry, our dwarf dogwood, has quite a different presentation. Dogwood bark was used, “many years ago as a antiperiodic in intermittent fever.”, for malaria-like periodic circular fevers, ebbing and flowing in a diurnal cycle, cooler in the morning with rising fever later in the day peaking towards bedtime. Often the most effective treatment involves a responsible blend of both modern and traditional treatments. Red osier dogwood is primarily said to support these body systems: Immune; Integumentary; Medicinal tags include Analgesic and Astringent. Different Ways to Use Dogwood. There’s quite a few ticks and mosquitoes out now and you may want to use the mix I showed you earlier made with essential oils and plants growing here. The root bark is the medicinal part of Jamaica dogwood. The bark was simmered in water and used on aching muscles and a bark tea was used to promote sweating and break a fever. Antidiarrheal & antimalarial activity. The bark decoction of Jamaica dogwood has been used as an herbal remedy to help relieve cough and whooping cough. Spruce gum is chewed as a laxative and taken by women as a postpartum medicine. See Medicinal tag key for more information. Cascara used to be approved by the federal Food and Drug Administration as an over-the-counter drug for constipation. Take care not to wound the tree with garden tools when you are transplanting it, or lawn mowers or weed whackers after it is planted. It’s a good anti- inflammatory for a person who’s become allergic to salicylates. Try adding Mint or Ginger if this is the case. Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties | Biochemical Information The overall species of the dogwood proposes a variety of health benefits if taken correctly. The fresh fruits of Corniolo have the same virtues. The bark on stems and the root bark is used both internally and externally to treat diarrhea, fevers, and skin problems. A drink similar to tea can be made from the bark to treat pain and fevers, while the leaves can be … A full-grown dogwood averages 20 to 30 feet in height and width. Bark shaving have a styptic property and have been used to control bleeding. The Medicinal Herb Info site was created to help educate visitors about the often forgotten wisdom of the old ways of treating illnesses. It is little used in modern herbalism. We are not suggesting that you ignore the help of trained medical professionals, simply that you have additional options available for treating illnesses. It is highly astringent. While not dangerous to hu… Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Formulas or Dosages | Warning | Bibliography. There is a similar eastern species of dwarf dogwood C. Canadensis growing in similar wet forest conditions back east. Ceremony: The leaves of some varieties of Dogwood were used in smoking mixtures including Red Osier dogwood (C. stolonifera) and the C. rugosa type of dogwood. During the American civil war confederate soldiers would make a tea from the bark to treat pain and fevers, and dogwood leaves in a poultice to cover wounds. It’s also a lot safer than other alternatives. This Native American herb comes from the inner bark of the Red Dogwood. Osier is a word for willows whose branches are used for making baskets or wicker furniture. Ceremony: The leaves of some varieties of Dogwood were used in smoking mixtures including Red Osier dogwood (C. stolonifera) and the C. rugosa type of dogwood. For more information, please visit our FAQ page! What are the precautions when taking this product? So let’s look at Cinchona and get a picture of what the eclectics were attempting to approximate. It's important to treat your tree promptly if the bark is stripped or nicked. They were usually mixed with other mountain berries: Chokecherry, Serviceberry, etc. Perhaps “dogwood” references the use of its bark as treatment for mange, or possibly descends from the Old English dag, as in daggers or arrows, which were made from the strong stems. So with the dogwoods we have here focus on the dried bark as a tea or cold infusion rather than a fresh plant tincture. A medicinal … Back to Top. An 1830 herbal reported that the Native Americans and captive Africans in Virginia were remarkable for the whiteness of their teeth, and attributed it to the use of Dogwood chewing sticks. Flowers come in late spring, they are white, at the brach top end in flat cyme clusters, the individual flowers are 4-petaled and resemble tiny, tiny miniature Cornus florida, flowering dogwood flowers. It was known that Indian tribes all around the South used dogwood bark and berries as a cure for these diseases, so the rebel government set up dogwood processing facilities on a grand scale. The dogwood tree has a number of therapeutic properties and, hence, it has been traditionally used to treat a number of medical conditions. Hey guys in this video we harvest the inner bark of the White Pine for use in a medicinal tea that can be used as an expectorant by itself or with Mullein. Fresh and dried flowers are prepared into herbal infusions and used for lowering fever in both children and adults. People use American dogwood for headaches, fatigue, fever, and ongoing diarrhea. Find out below what are the top 5 uses of Jamaican dogwood root bark: 1) Strong sedative properties. Quinine is still used today in quinine or tonic water for cocktails. Recent Posts. We will be looking at endemic species in the rocky mountain west and pacific northwest. Always check with your doctor before you use a natural … Bunchberry spreads by woody rhizomes and is a plant of deep shade, often boggy wet moist deep shade northwest forest. This was boiled until a heavy liquid formed; whiskey was added as a preservative and the mixture was then bottled. Jamaican dogwood has … Red Willow Bark is seasonal, and is only gathered after hard freezes in the fall and only until the first Thunder sounds in the spring. For medicinal purposed the bark is stripped off in vertical pieces and is dried as quills. Cascara is a shrub. Northward  much more common presenting as a lower elevation riparian plant growing in dense thickets in mid to north Cascadia, hence it’s name red-willow. What is Jamaican dogwood used for? Formulated as a tonic to improve eliminations, this formula contains extracts and essences of wild cherry bark, sarsaparilla root, yellow dock root, dogwood bark, prickly ash bark, dog fennel, tolu balsam, sassafras oil and capsicum preserved in alcohol. For more information, please visit our FAQ page! The bark of Cornus species is rich in tannins and has been used in traditional medicine as a substitute for quinine. Cornus means horn or antler, sericea comes from the latin sericatus- which means silky, describing the fine silky hairs found on the under side of the leaves. But websites are not free to host or maintain. Jamaican dogwood acts primarily as a sedative and a natural pain reliever (anodyne). The fleshy pulp is used for the treatment of arthritis, fever, and many ailments. Dogwood bark is best used as an ointment for ague, malaria (substitute for quinine), fever, pneumonia, colds, and similar complaints. Found from Maine to Florida and west to Minnesota, Kansas, and Texas. That is certainly one possibility for you to use in your herbal tool kit. It was sometimes used as a substitute when Peruvian bark could not be obtained. Also called red osier dogwood, red stemmed dogwood, and red willow, dogwood has a long history of use among First Nations People. It is about six inches tall, a perennial, the most common of the dwarf dogwoods. Quinine, an alkaloid derived from the South American cinchona tree, was well recognized by the middle 1800s as the drug of choice for treating malaria.1The outbreak of the Civil War and the imposition of the Union naval blockade made it urgent for the South to find quinine substitutes. The astringent properties cause tissues to constrict limiting fluid loss. bark in 1 pint water for 30 minutes and strain. Kinnikinnik an Algonquian, eastern tribe word, refers to its use in smoking mixtures, the dried bark mixed with leaves from Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, bear-berry, raspberry leaves and tobacco. It is tonic astringent and slightly stimulant, used in periodical and typhoid fever. American dogwood bark has antipyretic action which helps to lower fever naturally. The fruit is a great source of vitamin C, and has often been used in traditional medicine. However, it is also … Externally, poulticed onto external ulcers and sores. Not as bitter as Flowering dogwood (considered a stronger medicine and used the same way), it still is not the best tasting and can be unsettling to the stomach. So using the herb is by cold infusion of dried bark, roughly one half an ounce, 14grams or so of dried bark to a quart of water, left overnight in a quart jar, 3-6 oz of the strained liquid drunk 1-2 three times per day. An old Christian folk tale suggests that Jesus was crucified on a Insects or animals can also wound the tree bark and allow the disease to enter. The bark was simmered in water and used on aching muscles and a bark tea was used to promote sweating and break a fever. There are no reported side effects of Dogwood. Back to Top. Cascara is a shrub. The dried bark is used to make medicine. It can be dried and grounded into powder to be used as a paste or ingested. It is little used in modern herbalism. Jamaican-dogwood may be prescribed for … The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. Jesuits active in South America at the time brought back cinchona bark and Urban VIII survived. But its inner bark does have an alternative analgesic, coronic acid, for a salicylate-free pain killer. The fruit are edible, but only marginally. The bark on stems and the root bark is used both internally and externally to treat diarrhea, fevers, and skin problems. It has been used to promote sweating, to relieve smooth muscle spasms and as a remedy to reduce fever and inflammation. The leaves are shiny dark green above, lighter green below, 2-3 inches long, egg shaped, with arching veins. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000, Planetary Herbology, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. Back to Top, Astringent, febrifuge, stimulant, tonic Cramp bark can be used in a variety of ways: ... Jamaican dogwood is said to cause respiratory paralysis in excessive doses; do not exceed the above doses and keep out of reach of children. However, over the years, concerns were raised about cascara's safety and effectiveness. Even the new pope pope Urban VIII caught the dieease coming down with fever, chills, jaundice and body aches. The bank of the shrub contains an astringent with tonic qualities. A rounded teaspoon per cup might be needed to give the equivalent of one aspirin.”, Finally, western herbalists are beginning to use the fruit as. Aromatherapy uses Dogwood to improve the overall condition of the Light Body, particularly for people who have experienced trauma that lingers in the aura. One report for the years 1861 and 1862 informs of 115,415 cases of malaría among Confederate troops, of which 1,333 resulted in death. Back to Top, As with hard toothbrushes, dogwood chewing sticks can cause receding gums. Back to Top, Dogwood bark is best used as an ointment for ague, malaria (substitute for quinine), fever, pneumonia, colds, and similar complaints. Considered an herb that stabilizes and binds  to reduce heavy menstrual bleeding, and unusually active secretions, sweating, urination, and in men premature ejaculation. They were usually mixed with other mountain berries: Chokecherry, Serviceberry, etc. “. In the mediterranean it is a highly prized tree. Medicinal use of Flowering Dogwood: Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. …It has been commended in dropsy and as an antiseptic, but its powers would be limited under such circumstances. The massive amount of content on this website is made available to readers as a gift. Malaria (often called intermittent or periodic fever) reduced Confederate military manpower considerably and, even if cinchona bark (Peruvian bark) or quinine could be obtained from blockade runners or other sources, the price wa… In addition, as said before, was a kinnikinnick, or blended smoking mixture. Traditionally, Jamaican dogwood roots, bark and leaves were used for fishing. American Dogwood is still used today as medicine, but not very often. It is visually the same with a bitter astringent taste. And it worked – the dogwood extract proved just as effective … The dried berries have properties similar to TCM Shan Zhu Yu. Once chewed for a few minutes, the tough fibers at the ends of the twigs split into a fine soft “brush”. The bark, which is the primary source of therapeutic benefits, has an acrid and bitter taste that causes a burning sensation in the mouth. The Dogwood School of Botanical Medicine was founded by veteran herbalist Todd Caldecott, in 2012, to provide high quality distance education and mentorship training for aspiring clinicians. Side Effects of Dogwood. The bark is anti-inflamatory and antispasmodic and can be used in cases of dysmenorrhea (painful periods). Earlier, the bark of the dogwood tree was extensively used to break a fever as well as a substitute for quinine for treating sporadic or recurring fevers like malaria. Earlier, the bark of the dogwood tree was extensively used to break a fever as well as a substitute for quinine for treating sporadic or recurring fevers like malaria. Two common points stated by all sources are, that active plant constituent corine and others present are harmed by intense heat and secondly the fresh dried bark is emetic. Jamaican Dogwood (Piscidia piscipula) – Cramp Bark (Viburnum opulus) tincture (a 50/50 combination) is a reliable alternative to ibuprofen or Tylenol for pain relief. Mature trees can grow to 10m. The Complete Medicinal Herbal, by Penelope Ody, Dorling Kindersley, Inc, 232 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, First American Edition, copyright 1993. American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. Special chemicals and some toxins in Jamaican dogwood root bark boast strong sedative properties. Later the drug hydroxychloroquine was synthesized from chloroquine which in turn was delevoped from cinchona bark. Swamp dogwood (silky dogwood; pale dogwood) (C. amomum) grows in wet locations, including banks of streams and rivers, margins of ponds and lakes, fens, bottomland forests, low moist places in prairies, and pastures, fencerows, railroads, and roadsides. The root bark is used to make medicine to treat these following health conditions, including: Anxiety; Fear; Sleep problems (especially sleeplessness due to nervous tension) As a daytime sedative; Nerve pain; Migraines; Menstrual cramps; The bark decoction of Jamaica-dogwood has been used as an herbal remedy to help relieve cough and whooping cough. Medicine: C. alternifolia was used to make an eye medicine by the Chippewa. Pains you’ll find all end up filed under “rheumatism” in old herbal notes. It … Jamaica dogwood is not recommended for human use, and should never be taken without a doctor's close supervision. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992, Indian Herbalogy of North America, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973, American Folk Medicine, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1973. Other varieties: Chinese dogwood (Cornus machrophylla), Chinese name Sung-yang; in Japan this tree is Celtis muku or Ehretia serrata; Jamaican dogwood (Piscidia erythrina) used medicinally for panic attacks and excessive stress; and Osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) used by the Native Americans, the inner bark has properties of quinine used as tea internally. Good journey with this plant, and as always... William H. Cook MD, The Physio-medical Dispensatory, William Cook 1869, Charles W. Kane, Medicinal Plants of the Western Mountain States, Lincoln Town Press, 2020, Charles F. Millspaugh, American Medicinal Plants, John Voston and company, 1892, Michael Moore, Medicianl Plants of the Mountain West, Museum of New Mexico Press, 2003, Joseph P. Remington and Horatio C Wood, The Dispensatory of the United States, J.P. Lippincott Company, 1907 edition, Mark Turner and Ellen Kuhlman, Trees and Shrubs of the Pacific Northwest, Timber Press Field Guide, 2014. Many of today's drugs and medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, combinations of plants and other items found in nature. She was told to boil the pitch of the lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta)in water and drink the in… Even though synthetic drugs like chloroquine initially were more effective in treating malaria, by the 1960’s Plasmodium falciparum developed resistance to the synthetic drugs while quinine had to be used again in parts of the world where malaria remains a health issue. But it’s always … Red osier, despite dogwoods being called dogwood willows, isn’t a true willow and doesn’t have salicin in the fresh bark. The Red Osier Dogwood which is native to North America has long been used for medicinal purposes by Native American tribes. If the bark is stripped, however, it leaves the tree vulnerable to insect infestation and disease. Dogwood bark was used, “many years ago as a antiperiodic  in intermittent fever.”, for malaria-like periodic circular fevers, ebbing and flowing in a diurnal cycle, cooler in the morning with rising fever later in the day peaking towards bedtime. The leaves turn a deep red to orange depending where it is growing and the bark tends to redden also contrasting with the snow. Exploring what it means to be alive in this place. Twigs used as chewing sticks, forerunners of the toothpick. It is little used in modern herbalism. Medicine: C. alternifolia was used to make an eye medicine by the Chippewa. Widely used in the South, especially during the Civil War for malarial fevers and chronic diarrhea. Webster’s New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023, How Indians Use Wild Plants for Food, Medicine & Crafts, by Frances Densmore, Dover Publications, Inc., 180 Varick Street, New York, NY 10014, first printed by the United States Government Printing Office, Washington, in 1928, this Dover edition 1974. In the journals of Lewis and Clark from 1806, “ Since their arrival at the mouth of the Columbia river (Portland) almost daily rains had drenched the men…their meat spoiled, some means of stretching their tobacco, dispatched two men to the open lands near the Ocian for Sackacome, which we make use of to mix with our tobacco to smoke, which has an agreeable flavour.” Lewis and Clark sent a sample of the kinnikinnick to then president Jefferson. It was known that Indian tribes all around the South used dogwood bark and berries as a cure for these diseases, so the rebel government set up dogwood processing facilities on a grand scale. Quinine bark, and refined medicine from the plant was the only known treatment for the next three hundred years. Taken internally it increases the strength and frequency of the pulse, elevating the temperature of the body. It develops a peculiar, opium like odour. Regarding the dwarf dogwood, Cornus Canadensis now in the process of being renamed to Cornus unalaschkensis, or bunch berry contains corine, corvine, cornic acid and compounds have mild salicin like anti-inflammatory effects and according to Michael Moore from field notes, “Corvine, is not as strong as salicylic acid, and it has a different transport mechanism in the blood stream. As part of this seminar will be using some techniques I have been working with to experience these plants on a one to one basis. The bark contains several active phytochemicals which gives it its medicinal properties, including glycosides, flavonoids, rotenone, and resin alkaloid. Dogwood is a native American, our most showy deciduous tree, growing to 30 feet high; the bark is brown and rough, the leaves opposite, ovate, pointed, and darker green above than beneath. This past year, I was involved in a local herbal program, called “3 Seasons of Herbal Medicine”, taught by Lise Wolff. Red osier dogwood was widely employed by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and tonic bark, using it both internally and externally to treat diarrhoea, fevers, skin problems etc[257]. It expends a considerable influence upon the uterus, and is of service in atonic conditions of that organ. Early settlers in the Colonies used the bark to make a medicine to treat malaria. William Cook writing in 1869 does not mention Red osier dogwood’s use in periodic intermittent fever, and it seems to have dropped into a realm of folk herb use after that. Among Indigenous peoples in Canada, the origin of some medicinal applications is chronicled in stories, such as in the Siksika (Blackfoot) narrative of how a woman named Last Calf, who had tuberculosis, gave food to a beaver, who in turn gifted her with a vision of a cure for her ailment. It is little used in modern herbalism. In reading 5450-3 Edgar Cayce said that "this would be good for everyone as a spring tonic." Dogwood (Cornus sericea, C. stolonifera, C. alba) Also called red osier dogwood, red stemmed dogwood, and red willow, dogwood has a long history of use among First Nations People. Be grateful for your privilege brought by spirit for where you are at here near the border, going free in a low population density area, on a property provided free and clear by spirit for western herbalism study. We will be exploring some traditional eclectic uses, ethnobotanical historic uses, and current TCM uses for the use of the fleshy berry of the Asiatic species. This product is not considered to be safe for use by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Flowers are in clusters, April-May. Recent Posts. copyright 1974. Benefits and uses. Cornus alba (red-barked, white or Siberian dogwood) is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae, native to Siberia, northern China and Korea.It is a large surculose (suckering) shrub that can be grown as a small tree. Respiratory antispasmodics are used to relieve spasmodic coughing and relax respiratory response. Family: Cornaceae (Dogwood Family) Medicinal use of Flowering Dogwood: Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. Here it is growing as a riparian plant, much like a willow, hence the name red-willow, as the stems and peeled bark can be used similarly to the willow Salix species for basketry. If ingested most people tend to take about 1 to 1.5 grams per day. The impotance of bunchberry as a folk medicine is due to the aspirin-like effects acting via a different pathway, the iridoid glycosides, corine, corvine, cornic acid, and other constituents. Cornus sericea, Red-osier dogwood, kinnikinnick, red twig dogwood, red willow, Creek dogwood, Family Cornaceaea, Dog wood family. Prairie Smoke, by Melvin R. Gilmore, Minnesota Historical Society Press, St. Paul, Minnesota 55101, copyright 1987. Reverse Desertification. We will not be gathering any plants from this location, except for your notebooks and the exercise portion. The fruit are edible, but only marginally. Though the list of medicinal herbs that might be carried in a Healer’s medicine bundle are many and varied, those that were most often used were frequently carried such as remedies for common colds which might include American Ginseng or Boneset; herbs for aches and pains including Wild Black Cherry, Pennyroyal, and Hops; remedies for fever, including Dogwood, Feverwort, and Willow Bark. How does it work? anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, anodyne, antispasmotic, astringent, hypotensive, tonic qualities. The dried herb could be used as a simple tea. Any dogwood tree bark problems that cause a break in the bark can allow in the disease. We have heard of Jamaican Dogwood Tree’s medicinal properties, but it’s the bark of the tree that offers health benefits! Historically, American dogwood was sometimes used for treating malaria instead of the drug quinine. Use only dried dogwood bark. Formerly called Cornus stolonifera. Not as bitter as Flowering dogwood (considered a stronger medicine and used the same way), it still is not the best tasting and can be unsettling to the stomach. The replacements were no as effective as the quinine, which … Although not as much in modern times, it provided a host of treatments for common ailments in humans. American dogwood is a tree. Cornus stoloni fera Can'sa'sa is the basic ingredient of traditional Plains Indian smoking mixtures, and is commonly mixed with Bearberry or a little Osha Root. It’s important to note that multiple accounts of the fresh bark indicate it used as an emetic, while the bark dried as an infusion is less likely to have this property. I have to believe it’s being grateful for your privilege, celebrating that privilege and using it to advance your people’s well being, and enter a positive sphere based on love where you do no harm. Also, the Native American tribe, the Arikaras, mixed bearberry with the dried inner bark of the red dogwood to make sacred tobacco which they smoked in a regulation red pipestone pipe. The flower is a single appearing to have 4 white spade shaped petals, which are bracts, with small flowers in the center, which will mature to a tight bunch of 5-9 bright red berries with a single seed. Dogwood is still used today as medicine, but not very often. To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! At roughly the same time Oliver Cromwell the man responsible for the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Catholics in Ireland also caught maleria but refused to take the Catholic Jesuits, Jesuit’s powder remedy and died. The root bark is the part commonly used for medicinal purposes, but only under the careful supervision of a healthcare professional so to avoid possible side effects. By clicking on an affiliate link and placing an order or clicking on an ad, this website receives a small commission which is used to cover hosting and maintenance expenses. An ounce of this concoction was administered to patients three times a day as a tonic and fever reducer. Mucilage, tannins, malic acid and sugars give this plant various medicinal properties such as internal and external astringent ones, antidiarrheal and antipyretic properties. Cornus officinalis is a deciduous shrub and the fruits are used primarily. American dogwood is a plant. The dogwood tree has a number of therapeutic properties and, hence, it has been traditionally used to treat a number of medical conditions. The fruit without the seed, is antibacterial, antifungal, astringent and tonic. Cinchona is a plant native to tropical rain forests in South America. Inside the dogwood bark, there are very important elements that are highly appreciated in modern herbal medicine. It can be dried and grounded into powder to be used as a paste or ingested. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. For more information, please visit our FAQ page! Native Americans applied parts of the dogwood for sickness in the physical plane too. During the Civil War, the dogwood bark became a much needed replacement for quinine, a drug still used today to treat malaria, the mosquito transmitted disease that often afflicted soldiers in their camps. It is a deciduous perennial. Cinchona bark contains 5% quinine. It grows about 7 feet tall with distinctive red stems that will help you identify it in winter. Bark is effective against diarrhea. Iriod glycosides also have an anti-inflammatory effect and are present in plants like African Devil’s claw, Harpagophytum procumbens, figwort, proven effective in dealing with pain due to arthritic joint conditions. Indian Uses of Native Plants, by Edith Van Allen Murphey, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1958, print 1990, Eastern/Central Medicinal Plants, by Steven Foster and James A. Cornus unalaschkensis was used by the Abnaki as a analgesic, the Algonquin for colds and stomach aches, for fevers, all native peoples as a food berry, and by most in smoking mixtures. Red-osier dogwood is used medicinally by Indigenous peoples across Canada, with many anecdotal accounts of efficacy. Dogwood bark was indeed included in one of the earliest and most common replacement for quinine, a compound tincture prepared with 40% willow bark, 30% poplar bark, and 30% dogwood bark soaked in whisky for two weeks. Each person's response to {comic acid} is different. People make medicine from the bark. Red Osier Dogwood as medicine and tincture: Red Osier Dogwood as medicine and tincture: It’s that time of year again, the time to harvest bark from woody shrubs and trees, for tincturing! Dogwood is still used today as medicine, but not very often. The bark decoction of Jamaica-dogwood has been used as an herbal remedy to help relieve cough and whooping cough. Dogwood is still used today (although not often) externally for wounds. Quinine was not synthesized until 1944. The Dogwood School of Botanical Medicine was founded by veteran herbalist Todd Caldecott, in 2012, to provide high quality distance education and mentorship training for aspiring clinicians. Because of the high amount of tannins giving it a pungent taste, eating it generates a burning sensation in the mouth. In addition the dried berries were eaten mixed with other more flavorable berries, and as in Chinese TCM, in Asiatic varieties considered a tonic. It's a beautiful tree, with dark green leaves that turn red in the fall, red berries and hard, heavy bark. You should try it that way, we’ll try a smoking blend at break, for those interested. Different Ways to Use Dogwood. The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. Infusion: steep 1 tbsp. An Instant Guide to Medicinal Plants, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992). Medicinal use of Red Osier Dogwood: Red osier dogwood was widely employed by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and tonic bark, using it both internally and externally to treat diarrhoea, fevers, skin problems etc. Tincture: take 20-40 drops in water, as needed. To use the dried gathered leaf and portion of root, you may add 4-6 rounded teaspoons to a quart of water as a cold infusion, or 1 rounded teaspoon in warm, hot but not boiling water and drink, up to 3 times per day. Iridoid glycosides is the bitter taste in Cornus sericea. Take 1/2 cup every 2-3 hours. The Dogwood School of Botanical Medicine was founded by veteran herbalist Todd Caldecott, in 2012, to provide high quality distance education and mentorship training for aspiring clinicians. That is certainly one possibility for you to use in your herbal tool kit. Externally, poulticed onto external ulcers and sores. The young upright stalks like willow, as fibre, cordage,  to make baskets and dream catchers, with its distinctive red color making the weave interesting, often alternating with willow. Dogwood was traditionally used to make various types of alcoholic beverages such as liquors and a fruit brandy called raki as well as jams or sweet berry sauces. Cinchona, also known as quinine bark, was used as an anti-fever agent for the treatment and prevention of malaria. Blog about forest protection, environment, plants, medicinal plants, Regenerate and Fix the Soil. Back to Top, Tannic and gallic acids, resin, gum, oil, wax, lignin, lime potash and iron Back to Top The overall species of the dogwood proposes a variety of health benefits if taken correctly. Red osier dogwood was widely employed by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and tonic bark, using it both internally and externally to treat diarrhoea, fevers, skin problems etc[257]. The inner bark, as well as being edible, has been taken as a laxative. But hundreds of years ago small plugs were fashioned by moistening, compressing and inserting the dogwood to … It is little used in modern herbalism. Twigs used as chewing sticks, forerunners of the toothpick. in Chinese traditional medicine TCM, an Asiatic Cornus officinalis is known as Shan Zhu Yu, is widely used as an herbal medicine. leaves and young twigs, stolonifera refers to bearing stolons, running stems, its lower stems that grow upright and when the branches bend down they grow roots where they touch the soil. The Rodale Herb Book: How to Use, Grow, and Buy Nature’s Miracle Plants (An Organic gardening and farming book), edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974. Red osier dogwood is found in the northeast and in the western US from Arizona, where it’s found sporadically in higher mountain areas, as a kind of high forest woodland plant, more due to the predominant dry nature of the ecoystem, rather a quality of the plant. It is also more stimulating than the other dogwoods. 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Jamaican Dogwood (Piscidia erythrina): ... Neem has a long history of use in Ayurvedic Medicine (Part used: Bark, Seeds, Roots & Leaves) Olive leaf (Olea europa): The olive tree has many uses… Food, oil, medicines, wood! Jamaican dogwood bark has a bitter, strong taste and fairly unpleasant smell. Huge parching ovens were constructed in New Orleans, and dogwood berries were brought in from all over the South to help make medicine. Cascara is used by some people as a laxative. Give 5-10 drops to children under 5; 10-20 drops to children 5-12, and 2-3 mL to older children. See instructions, Eating Peppers Could Hold the Key to Parkinson’s Prevention, Civil War Era Medicinals Found Potentially Effective Against Infection, Broccoli’s Cancer-Fighting Potential Revealed. In other dogwood species, the bark may hold medicinal effects, while berries may be unfit for consumption. It was sometimes used as a substitute when Peruvian bark could not be obtained. Malaria was long a scourge of Rome, and the Italians believed it was caused by ‘mal aria’, bad air arising from fetid swamps. Some people apply American Dogwood directly to the skin for boils and wounds. Liliana Usvat - Reforestation and Medicinal use of the Trees : Medicinal Trees Dogwood (Cornus ) bark is used for ever Dealing with cold and flu season; COVID-19 Video Blog ; Herbal medicine and COVID-19; Spring can really hang you up… Mark Warren (of Medicine Bow, Dahlonega, GA) talks about Dogwood Trees. Try adding Mint or Ginger if this is the case. Back to Top. Latex threads appear at veins when leaves are split apart. It occurs scattered nearly statewide. The most important step in dogwood crown canker treatment is prevention. The bark is also rich in tannins and has been used for tanning leather. One Ozark woman’s recipe, which had been passed down in her family for generations, consisted of equal amounts of sassafras, burdock, sarsaparilla roots, blue burvene, wild cherry, dogwood bark, and mayapple root. Back to Top. Fresh bark upsets the stomach and bowels. Chinese Medicinal Herbs, compiled by Shih-Chen Li, Georgetown Press, San Francisco, California, 1973. Dogwood Bark; Pastel Bourd; Purshiana Bark; Rhamnus; Sacred Bark; Sagrada Bark; Yellow Bark; What is this product used for? The fruit is a glossy, dry, scarlet berry two celled and two seeds, is inedible and very bitter; October-November. Jamaican Dogwood is an extremely potent herbal remedy and must be used with due respect - large doses can be toxic. Whenever we have an astrigent herb, that tightens the tissue this is a legitimate pathway you’ll want to explore. Animal studies have shown that Jamaica dogwood may promote sleep, relieve pain, reduce smooth muscle spasms, relieve cough, and reduce fever and inflammation. Used for diarrhea. Jamaican-dogwood may be prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information. The dried bark is used to make medicine. Common usage includes pain relief for inflammation in joints, or sore and aching muscles. If ingested most people tend to take about 1 to 1.5 grams per day. Medicinal Uses and Indications. The tree belongs to the bean family. Cohen, MD, - First Woman to Practice Medicine as a physician in New Orleans (1857- ) Dogwood, Poplar and Willow Bark -- Medical Therapy & Materia Medica 1st Native Guard Volunteers (1962) / Regiments Corps d'Afrique / 73rd -76th and 85th-88th Regiments U.S. (1864) It is also used to increase strength, to stimulate appetite, and as a tonic. However, over the years, concerns were raised about cascara's safety and effectiveness. Internally to treat diarrhea, fevers, externally for skin problems. Other parts of the tree have medicinal uses too. The use of medicinal plants has been a part of people’s healing traditions worldwide, probably from humans’ earliest beginnings. Folk herbalist: Doug Fir red cedar bioregion, western mountain. Dr William H. Cook writing in his Physio-Medical Dispensatory, 1869, wrote of Cornus sericea in this way: The bark is similar to that of cornus florida, but partakes more of the characters of a pure astringent, and less of those of a tonic. Jamaican dogwood is a fairly potent sedative well known as a specific for migraine headaches, neuralgia, and for treatment of insomnia caused by pain, nervous tension, and stress. 4. Family: Cornaceae (Dogwood Family) Medicinal use of Red Osier Dogwood: Red osier dogwood was widely employed by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and tonic bark, using it both internally and externally to treat diarrhoea, fevers, skin problems etc. Historically, people made medicine from the bark. 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