No species of genus Amaranthus are known to be poisonous[2], but the leaves contain oxalic acid and may contain nitrates if grown in nitrate-rich soils, so the water should be tossed after boiling. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. The leafy stems and flower clusters are similarly used. Edible Uses: Leaves – cooked as a spinach. Amaranthus retroflexus leaves were collected from northern Iran and identified by Dr. H.R. Height: 18-24 in. Voucher specimen of this plant was deposited in the central herbarium of medicinal plants, Tehran University of Medical Sceiences. The young leaves are also edible. TOXICITY: Amaranthus retroflexus (not known to grow in Hawai’i) is reportedly nephrotoxic to large domestic animals [Oladosu 1979], although not to rabbits [Schamber 1985]. Jun 24, 2016 - Amaranthus Retroflexus Aka Redroot Wild Edible Plants. Quite the same Wikipedia. It is widely distributed in cultivated soils, gardens, cattle lots, and waste areas. Foliage: Grown for foliage. This gives it the ability to grow and survive so well even under high temperature and harsh weather conditions.This weed is originally from America before spreading to other parts of the world such as … It grows on every continent on … Amaranthus retroflexus L. These include a sphingolipid, two flavonoids, four sterols and one amino acid. used. A. retroflexus is eaten as a vegetable in many places of the world and is used for many food and medicinal uses by Native American groups. J. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Medicinal Plants of China Publication Author Duke. It grows on every continent on … (45-60 cm) Spacing: 12-15 in. Green Pigweed has slightly less hair than other varieties of pigweed. Amaranthus retroflexus. Jun 24, 2016 - Amaranthus Retroflexus … The first leaves of Green Pigweed are typically tapering and somewhat pinches toward the end. ALLELOPATHIC EFFECT OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANT SUBSTANCES ON SEED GERMINATION OF AMARANTHUS RETROFLEXUS AND PORTULACA OLERACEAE. Amaranth has some medicinal applications as well. Decoction, almost always in water, is the main method of preparation for oral administration, … The parts of the plants most used for medicinal purposes in decreasing order are leaves and aerial parts, fruits, seeds, young stems, bulbs and sap, flower heads, membrane, pods, rhizome and roots, shoots and stems, and young buds. Like other weeds it is tough, growing in a variety of conditions and resisting many herbicides. 1973. 1973. Find Sprigs Medicinal Plant Amaranthus Retroflexus Wooden stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. The flowering lasts from June to September, the fruiting happens from August to October and the harvesting takes place from spring to autumn. [3] Use as fodder The allelochemicals present in A. spinosus are reported to inhibit the germination and the growth of seedlings of various species [3-5]. Amaranthus retroflexus var. Amaranthus retroflexus was used for a multitude of food and medicinal purposes by many Native American groups. Anthelmintic Astringent The plant is astringent, anthelmintic and diuretic[4, 240]. salicifolius: One member has or wants this plant for trade. There are actually many types of plant called pigweed, a vast family also known as amaranth. In agriculture there is a world-wide effort to … Pigweed is an annual green vegetable that exhibits the C4 photosynthetic pathway. Just better. The genus is composed of over 60 plants, including edible leafy vegetables, pseudocereals (meaning the plant bears seeds that can be ground into flour, or used as an edible grain) and ornamental plants. - Amaranthus retroflexus L., - Amarante à racine rouge - Common Pigweed - Green amaranth - Redroot - Rough Pigweed - Tall Pigweed - Amarante réfléchie - Armarante pied rouge; Green Pigweed. Amaranthus retroflexus is an annual, herbaceous weed. Amaranths are branching broad-leaved plants with egg-shaped or rhombic leaves which may be smooth or covered in tiny hairs. Other Uses. Quadrangle/The N.Y. Times Book Co. Enterorrhagia US … Description. It grows 2 to 3 feet tall and the lower stems are red or red-streaked with the color continuing down the taproot. The percentage of total ash given in table IV is 3 . Sun Exposure: Full Sun. It is also a source of minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc and copper, and important amounts of carbohydrates and proteins. Water Requirements: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater . hybridus, Amaranthus palmeri, Amaranthus retroflexus, Amaranthus spinosus and viridis are the species with allelopathic potential. Vegetables. Quadrangle/The N.Y. Times Book Co. Dysmenorrhea US Krochmal, Arnold and Connie. Family: Amaranthaceae Common Names: Amaranth, Pigweed Description: Amaranth grows in disturbed soil from dry to moist climates. Category: Annuals. Nitrate accumulated at lower N(a) in A. retroflexus than C. album. Some varieties of amaranths have been used to produce a natural food coloring dye used to give a reddish tint to corn wafers, corn beer (chicha), and other products (Heiser 1964; Sauer 1950a; unknown 1895). A guide to the medicinal plants of the United States. A guide to the medicinal plants of the United States. References. A. and Ayensu. The historic use of any obscure plant by a culture for medicinal or similar personal use does not mean that the plant is safe for use as a human food. It is used in the treatment of stranguary and is applied externally to scrofulous sores[240]. Abstract . Family: Amaranthaceae Common Names: Amaranth, Pigweed Description: Amaranth grows in disturbed soil from dry to moist climates. Toxicity and Risk Factors. CAUTIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS: Never treat bleeding without first determining its cause. Many of today's drugs and medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, combinations of plants and other items found in nature. Amaranthus powellii: sepals of fruit-bearing flowers acute at apex and inflorescence with few, rigid, widely spaced branches of flowers (vs. A. retroflexus, with sepals of fruit-bearing flowers rounded to truncate at apex and inflorescence with few to many, slender, lax branches of flowers). There are only a few references to Native American medicinal use of amaranth; most of them based on observations of the Cherokee. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. The Cherokee utilized amaranth foliage to reduce hemorrhaging, reduce diarrhea, and to treat ulcerated wound. The seed contained in the spike is very small, about 1 mm in diameter, and is rich in lysine. (Amaranthus retroflexus L., Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg) Exposed to SiO 2 Nanoparticles J. Sharifi-Rad 1*, M ... traditional medicinal use. Panicles typically hang straight down to 12” (infrequently to 24”) long. The Medicinal Herb Info site was created to help educate visitors about the often forgotten wisdom of the old ways of treating illnesses. The world consumption of medicinal plants as pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and as a food supplement for the improvement of human welfare is increasing day by day. o and 4 . Amaranthus retroflexus is an annual or perennial plant growing from 1 to 1,5m, with green, oval leaves and red or green flowers in inflorescences (bunches). Notes: Amaranthus viridis is used as a medicinal herb in traditional Ayurvedic medicine, under the Sanskrit name Tanduliya. Pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) is one of the most common weeds seen in pastures in the U.S., but you are also likely to see it in your garden. Poisonous or antinutritional factors exist in many plants and their historic use was often complemented by elaborate preparation to reduce the effect of any poison. 59 per cent for A. blitoides and 4. Alvai 233. M. Azizi, Y. Fuji. Closely related Amaranthus species are used as pot herbs, cultivated grains, and ornamental or dye-plants, particularly in Central and South America (Wesche-Ebeling et al., 1995; Mitich, 1997). Ethnobotanical Uses for Amaranthus retroflexus Ethnobotanical Use Country/Region Reference Diarrhea US Krochmal, Arnold and Connie. Jun 24, 2016 - Amaranthus Retroflexus Aka Redroot Wild Edible Plants. ]. Leaves and … Life Cycle: Annual Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Central and Eastern North America Distribution: This plant is now found nearly worldwide as an introduced plant. Medicinal Uses. Sun to Partial Shade. In China, the roots are said to be mildly toxic and overdose can cause dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. Herbs. (30-38 cm) Hardiness: Not … The decoction and extract of the aboveground parts of the plant is used as antitumor agent and for in skin diseases. Amaranth (Amaranthus retroflexus) Amaranth is a beautiful flowering plant from the Amaranthus genus that has been cultivated for over 8000 years. — The 191 7 seeds of Amaranthus retro- flexus were used for the estimation of the inorganic elements. The effect of applied nitrogen (N) on the growth, leaf expansion rate, biomass partitioning and leaf N levels of Chenopodium album (C(3)) and Amaranthus retroflexus (C(4)) were investigated. Amaranthus caudatus commonly called love-lies-bleeding or tassel flower, gets its unusual common name from its tiny blood red petalless flowers that bloom in narrow, drooping, tassel-like, terminal and axillary panicles throughout the growing season. It is also used as a flavouring agent and food additive in many countries, especially in developing countries (Sharifi-Rad et al., 2014). Key words: allelopathy, Amaranthus retroflexus, natural herbicide, weeds Introduction Weeds have been, are, and will continue to be a major constraint to agriculture production throughout the world (National Research Council 1996). E. S. Publisher Reference Publications, Inc. Year 1985 ISBN 0-917256-20-4 Description Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Among the long lists of weeds is the redroot pigweed, which is botanically known as Amaranthus retroflexus. At a given applied N level, C. album had 50% greater leaf N per unit area (N(a)) than A. retroflexus. Amaranthus spinosus, is commonly known as Kate Wali Chaulai or Kantabhaji in Hindi and Pigweed in English. Authors . Extraction Amaranthus retroflexus leaves were extracted in a soxhlet apparatus with a mixture of MeOH-acetone-water. Local Medicinal Uses. Azerbaijan: A decoction and extract is used in diseases of the stomach as sedative and to normalize stomach activity, in constipation as laxative, in diarrhea as obstipated. are potential nitrate accumulators and may contain some soluble oxalates. Amaranthus Species: retroflexus Family: Amaranthaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The seeds may be eaten, raw or cooked, ground into a flour, or sprouted. Infectious diseases: A decoction and extract is used in dysentery. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. External uses predominate over internal ones by about 54 to 46%. Heavy going if you are not into the subject. Amaranthus spp. Medicinal Uses. Foliage Color: Unknown - Tell us. 20 for A. retroflexus, but this is actually too low 340 BOTANICAL GAZETTE [November for the inorganic elements present in the seeds, because the total phosphorus alone is 4 . ALLELOPATHIC EFFECT OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANT SUBSTANCES ON SEED GERMINATION OF AMARANTHUS RETROFLEXUS AND PORTULACA OLERACEAE: Authors: M. Azizi, Y. Fuji: Keywords: allopathy, essential oils: DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2006.699.5: Abstract: The world consumption of medicinal plants as pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and as a food supplement for the improvement of … Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). The introduc- tion of pesticides in agriculture was an effective tool for controlling obnoxious weeds.